Which of the following physiologic phenomena is most likely contributing to her complaint?

A patient on an acute medicine unit of a hospital, with a diagnosis of small bowel obstruction, is complaining of intense, diffuse pain in her abdomen. Which of the following physiologic phenomena is most likely contributing to her complaint? (Points : 0.4)
Nociceptive afferents are conducting the sensation of pain along the cranial and spinal nerve pathways of the ANS.
First-order neurons are inappropriately signaling pain to the dorsal root ganglion.
The patient is experiencing neuropathic pain.
The patient’s C fibers are conducting pain in the absence of damaged Ad fibers.

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