explore attachment in depth and discuss variants in attachment based on parenting style, gender, and culture.

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https://fod-infobase-com.contentproxy.phoenix.edu/p_ViewVideo.aspx?xtid=40125 <— video link

In this assignment, you will explore attachment in depth and discuss variants in attachment based on parenting style, gender, and culture.

Watch segments 1-4 of “Classic Studies in Psychology,” located in this week’s Electronic Reserve Readings.

Write a 700-word paper that addresses the following:

Define attachment.

What behaviors in children are associated with being securely attached?

What behaviors in children are associated with being insecurely attached: avoidant, disorganized, and resistant?

What are the short- and long-term effects of secure attachment?

How can a caregiver foster secure attachment?

What are some cultural differences in how parents foster attachment in their children?

Cite at least 1 other source.

Format your paper according to APA guidelines.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

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What does “Genie’s” final outcome tell us about language (and emotional) development?

Psychology homework help

ASSIGNMENT

Chomsky’s Theory of Language Development discusses “critical periods” for learning language. Following from this theory, disruptions during critical periods should negatively affect the development of language.

Unfortunately, there are some examples from real life to demonstrate this hypothesis. Please link to and read the following regarding both a very recent and an historic case:

http://abcnews.go.com/Health/story?id=4758945&page=1

Here are some additional, optional resources on Genie:

http://documentarystorm.com/secret-of-the-wild-child/

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/transcripts/2112gchild.html

Obviously, these are both horrific cases of child abuse.

1.) What does “Genie’s” final outcome tell us about language (and emotional) development?

2.) What cues can educators take from these tragic cases?

Introduction

This lesson will explore the emotional and communication development of children. Firstly, we will discuss the theories of emotional development. We will then look at how emotion develops in two main stages: primary emotions which include joy, anger and fear, and secondary emotions which comprise the self-conscious emotions. We will then move onto attachment theory where we investigate how the different kinds of caregiver-infant relationships either create secure or insecure attachments, and the impact of these attachments on child development. In the second part of the lesson, we will explore language and communication development. We will cover how this development is socially facilitated, as well as the components of language and communication. Lastly, we will discuss the social use of language.

Emotional Development

‹›

· Emotions

Emotions have many important functions and have a significant impact on child development. Emotions are internal responses to the environment, that are accompanied by physiological and behavioral changes. For instance, sadness may be accompanied by a change in heart rate and release of cortisol, a stress hormone. Learning how to interpret other’s emotions is also a key aspect of development.

Development of Emotional Expression

While most mothers agree that they can detect emotions in the first month of their baby’s life (Johnson, Emde, Pannabecker, Stenberg, & Davis, 1982), the Maximally Discriminative Facial Movement (MAX) coding system developed by Izard, Fantauzzo, Castle, Haynes and Slomine (1995), determines infant emotions based on their body movements and facial expressions.

PRIMARY EMOTIONS

JOY

GENDER AND NATIONALITY DIFFERENCES

LAUGHING

Fear and Other Emotions

· FEAR

· STRANGER DISTRESS

· INTERACTIONS

· OTHER EMOTIONS

Fear is the second predominant primary emotion. Fear of strangers emerges around the same time that infants begin to show positive emotion to familiar people. According to Sroufe (1996), at around three months, infants begin to be wary when they are exposed to new situations because they have difficulty assimilating and comprehending the unfamiliar. From around seven months, this wariness turns into outright fear and distress.

Knowledge Check

1

Question 1

Please select the two correct statements that refute the genetic-maturational perspective’s argument that biological factors determine how children react and regulate their emotions.

The rate of infant smiling is related to the rate of caregiver stimulation.

Babies begin to smile at 46 weeks from conception, whether they were born premature or full-term.

Stranger distress is not universal since it does not occur in cultures in which caregiving is shared among multiple relatives.

From about eight weeks, babies begin to look a lot at the mouth and respond to smiles.

I don’t know

One attempt

Submit answer

You answered 0 out of 0 correctly. Asking up to 1.

Secondary Emotions

Secondary emotions function to identify and coordinate the role of the individual’s responsibility in a situation that involves other factors and/or people. Secondary emotion are self-conscious emotions that describe the individual’s perception of their relatively superior or inferior position. Secondary emotions emerge from around the second year (Saarni et al., 2006).

Emotional reactions differ from child to child, and are a consequence of temperament and environmental factors – particularly parental modeling. High negative emotionality results in more adjustment difficulties, depression and behavioral problems, while children with positive emotionality have high self-esteem, social competence and less adjustment issues.

PRIDE AND SHAME

GUILT

JEALOUSY

JEALOUSY OF PARENTAL ATTENTION

Identifying Emotions in Others

Infants initially learn to interpret other’s emotions by observing caregiver facial expressions. Research suggests that babies recognize caregiver joy before they are able to recognize anger – similar to how babies first express joy and only later express anger (Izard et al., 1995). As children get older, they more accurately discern between genuine and inauthentic smiles (Del Giudice & Colle, 2007).

Experiences Impact Emotions

Children’s early experiences impact their ability to recognize emotions. For example, children who have experienced high levels of threat and hostility recognize anger more quickly and sadness more slowly than other children (Pollak & Sinha, 2002). Children from cultures that value group harmony and focus on other’s feelings, such as China and Mexico, are more capable than Australian and U.S. children at recognizing other’s emotions (Cole & Tan, 2007).

Emotional Regulation

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What impact will Joel’s being labeled as a “sex offender” have on his place in society?

Psychology homework help

Read the following scenario and respond to the questions for this week’s discussion below. Recall in this week’s lecture the article regarding the “Romeo and Juliet” law as one source of information. Also consider LIRN to find information to respond to this week’s discussion.

Scenario: Joel turned 18 last week and has been dating his 15 1/2 year old girlfriend Anna for the past three months. Anna and Joel’s relationship has the approval of Anna’s parents, who are also aware of their sexual encounters. Anna told her best friend Rebecca that she had been having sex with Joel. Rebecca in turn told her mother about Anna and Joel’s relationship, and also mentioned that they were having sex. Rebecca’s mother, who was horrified, reported the sexual relationship between a minor and an adult to the police. The police arrest Joel, he is convicted of a felony, and is required to register as a “sex offender” until he is 43 years of age.

Please provide your response to the following questions.

Should Joel be treated as an adult and be required to register as a “sex offender”? Please explain, why or why not.

What impact will Joel’s being labeled as a “sex offender” have on his place in society?

Will the label affect his ability to make new friends, keep the friends he had, will people be wary of being around him because of being associated with a “sex offender”? Please explain your response (s).

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demonstrate their ability to construct arguments about issues of both personal and universal significance.

Psychology homework help
You will write a 1000-1500 word response to your chosen paper topic from the list below. See Course Outline for the due date.

This assignment is worth 300 points, or 30% of your grade.

DO NOT USE ANY SOURCES OTHER THAN THE DALRYMPLE ARTICLE AND YOUR TEXTBOOK.

YOU WILL ATTACH A FILE IN THE BOX AT THE BOTTOM OF THIS PAGE.

Learning Objectives:

Students will demonstrate their ability to construct arguments about issues of both personal and universal significance. Their writing should demonstrate that they can construct cogent, concise, and logically coherent arguments.

Assessment:

Students should demonstrate that they can distinguish the relevant points that form a logically coherent argument. They should also be able to construct criticisms which effectively undermine, through the use of appropriate counter-examples, some premise of that argument.

Your assignment is to read any ONE of the following four articles:

The Frivolity of Evil

How and How Not to Love Mankind

What We Have to Lose

Roads to Serfdom

Then, FOR THE ARTICLE YOU CHOOSE TO WRITE ON, you will type a 1000-1500 word response in which you address EACH of the following points IN YOUR OWN WORDS: 1) What is the author’s main argument? 2) How does he support his main argument (evidence, ancillary arguments, etc.)? 3) Do you agree or disagree with him? 4) Why or why not? 5) Apply the insights of at least two of the readings we have studied in this course (in chapters 1-9) to your analysis. Make sure to give a substantive explanation of how the philosophers’ insights are relevant to the topic you are discussing.

A WORD OF WARNING: These articles are rather long and complex. The author likes to make extensive use of his rather copious vocabulary, so I strongly urge you to have dictionary.com handy as you work your way through your chosen article. The purpose of this essay assignment is for you to demonstrate your ability to discuss, analyze, and evaluate complex philosophic arguments. I am confident that the reading assignments, tests, and discussion boards will have prepared you for this final, and no doubt challenging, essay assignment.

Note: I only allow one attempt on this assignment. Students who do not fully address all of the components of the assignment as stated in the instructions as well as the grading rubric below will have to be content with the grade they earned.

Please use MLA format.

Your paper will be graded according to the following rubric:

Grading Rubric:

The following standards are numbered in order of importance for grading.

1.Essay demonstrates an understanding of the material: The student has correctly grasped a philosophical problem or question, has explained it accurately, and on the basis of a substantially correct interpretation of any texts involved. Key terms are used correctly. The essay shows evidence of the student’s independent thought, and is written in his or her distinctive voice. Short (one sentence) quotations are used (comprising no more than 10% of the body of the paper), when appropriate, to support the writer’s analysis, and an explanation is offered for each quotation. The use of block quotations will result in a severe point deduction.

95 points

2.Essay has clear and coherent argument: There is a clearly stated thesis, and support for this thesis in the body of the paper. Each paragraph contributes to this argument, and follows logically from the paragraph before it. The argument presented is persuasive. The insights of two other philosophers are incorporated into the analysis.

95 points

3.Essay fulfills assigned task: The essay addresses the entire assigned question or topic, elaborating on important ideas in satisfactory depth, but without bringing in anything extraneous or irrelevant. The introduction of the essay focuses and provides clarity for the paper. Important terms are clearly and accurately defined. Each paragraph conveys a coherent, organized thought. Short (one sentence) quotations are occasionally used, when appropriate, to support the writer’s analysis, and an explanation is offered for each quotation. No more than 10% of paper is made up of direct quotes. No block quotations.

40 points

4.Essay obeys standards for good persuasive writing: the writer shows that he or she is comfortable using philosophical language, and the prose is clear, not awkward. The structure of the sentences reflects the relationships between/among the ideas discussed.

40 points

5.Essay is technically correct: The essay has been carefully and thoughtfully proofread. The argument is written in complete sentences, with punctuation that does not mislead the reader. There are no mistakes in spelling, grammar, word choice, and punctuation.

30 points

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How Ethics Differ in Research and Therapeutic Practice

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How Ethics Differ in Research and Therapeutic Practice

Prior to beginning work on this discussion, read the APA’s Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.in its entirety, paying special attention to standards 8 and 10 that cover ethics in research and therapeutic practice. Oftentimes research methods courses discuss the ethics of research and focus on historic examples of unethical research studies. This discussion of ethics will involve a different focus. The Ethical Principles and Code of Conduct (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. presents information on ethical standards and expectations that apply to specific situations, including therapy and research. Explain the differences between the ethical standards for clients being treated by psychologists in counseling sessions and the standards for conducting psychological research with human participants. Consider your future career in the field of psychology and describe the parts of the Ethical Principles and Code of Conduct (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. you expect to relate directly to your future career. Select and provide the number for one ethical requirement that applies specifically to psychological research and briefly summarize the standard. Explain why this requirement may not apply to a therapy situation.

Guided Response: Review several of your colleagues’ posts and respond to at least two of your peers who selected a different ethical requirement than you by 11:59 p.m. on Day 7 of the week. You are encouraged to post your required replies earlier in the week to promote more meaningful interactive discourse in this discussion.

As you formulate your responses, answer the following questions:

Did your colleague provide a thorough explanation of the differences between the ethical requirements for research versus those for therapeutic practice?

What differences did your colleague note which you did not list in your initial post?

Considering the future career your colleague mentioned, did he or she correctly describe the parts of the APA code which would directly relate to that career path?

What suggestions might you make to your colleague in terms of ethical standards which would apply to this career path?

Do you concur with your colleague’s choice of ethical standard that applies specifically to psychological research?

If so, why? If not, what standards might you suggest your colleague consider that apply specifically to research?

Did your colleague provide a convincing explanation as to why this standard would not apply to therapeutic practice?

Can you think of additional explanations for why this requirement may not apply to a therapy situation?

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Issues Behind Addictive Drug Use

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Issues Behind Addictive Drug Use

Prior to beginning work on this discussion, read the required chapters from the text and review the required articles for this week. Humans have engaged in psychoactive drug use, sometimes in formal (ceremonial) settings and sometimes recreationally, since before recorded history. It has only been in the last century or so that abuse and addiction have become large-scale problems. Using the literature and your own insights into these issues, formulate an argument as to why the problem has reached its current scale. In your discussion, evaluate the employment of psychoactive drugs from the aspects of a risk-benefits analysis and ethical considerations such as the risk of addiction versus the cost of punitive action. Also explain purely pharmacological issues such as pharmacokinetics and routes of drug administration and dose. If needed, include factors such as supply, cultural attitudes to drug use, and the context of drug use

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Describe how this research data might be used to explain unhealthy personality traits

Psychology homework help

Prior to beginning work on this discussion please read the Hurley (2013) Trait vs. Fate and Weaver, et al. (2004) Epigenetic Programming by Maternal Behavior articles and review the Webster “The Great Rat Mother Switcheroo” online article. The recommended resources for this week also provide more information on these topics.

In this week’s required resources, we have learned that while our genes have a lot to say about who we are, environmental factors, particularly parental behavior, can shape the behavior of offspring on a biochemical level. Using the assigned Hurley and Weaver et al. articles, briefly describe the research that has been done with rat mothers to illustrate this phenomenon. In your initial post of a minimum of 350 words, explain the implications of the research on parental behavior and environmental factors as they relate to human personality development. Describe how this research data might be used to explain unhealthy personality traits. Describe how the emerging field of epigenetics is impacting the longstanding nature vs nurture paradigm. Be sure to cite the Hurley and Weaver, et al. articles in your initial post.

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Describe the methodology and results of the study reported in the article or write a brief summary of the concepts presented in the article.

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Select a topic in group counseling for children,with Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder Select one article on the topic in a peer-reviewed counseling journal published within the past five years (e.g., Journal of Counseling & Development, The Journal for Specialists in Group Work, Journal of Clinical Mental Health Counseling, or The Professional Counselor). After reading the article, write a paper addressing the following:

Describe the methodology and results of the study reported in the article or write a brief summary of the concepts presented in the article.

Comment on whether the ideas in the article are consistent with the best practices in the field. In this evaluation, critique the article with the support of professional literature as well as your own perspective.

Your final product should be a 2 1/2-page Microsoft Word document. Be sure you write in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrate ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources; and display accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation. Use the most current APA format.

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Family Therapy Theories

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ASSIGNMENT 6: Family Therapy Theories (Part of Final Project)

Watch your final project vignette. Use four concepts from one of the family therapy approaches (Narrative Family Therapy, Structural Family Therapy, or the Satir Growth Model) to describe the dynamics of the family in a paper of 325-500 words (approximately 1-1.5 pages). Your paper will be evaluated using standards below:

APA Style

In-text Citations

Reference Page

Organization

Organization

Grammar, Spelling, and Punctuation

Note: This assignment should include APA style citations and a reference list. Using in-text citations for the textbook material and listing the textbook as a reference is sufficient for this assignment. However, if you choose to include another source of information, you will need to cite and include that material in the reference list. Before you begin this assignment, you should review the rubric to get a clear understanding of how I will evaluate it. After you complete the assignment, you should revisit the rubric to confirm that your content is on target and that you writing adheres to the Weekly Assignment Writing Standards. If you are not familiar with how to execute the writing standards for this assignment, you will need to set up an appointment with the Writing Center at NLU and follow up with the instructor.

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Research Areas of Emphasis in Professional Psychology

Psychology homework help

Read the “Research Areas of Emphasis in Professional Psychology” article and select a topic of psychological research discussed in the article (e.g., evidence-based treatments, veterans/active military, multicultural issues, ethical issues, natural disasters, forensic, health, child psychology, suicide, chronic pain, rural practice, interpersonal violence, graduate/internship training and education, managed care issues, or professional roles). This topic will be used as the focus of the literature review you will be creating as part of your Final Project, as well as for aspects of other assignments within this course, so select a topic that is of personal interest to you.

In your post, discuss some of the methodological issues unique to this psychological research.

State the topic you selected and then write two potential research questions that could be explored on the topic you selected.

Identify at least one potential research design to answer each of the research questions you wrote (you will identify a total of two designs).

Each question will require a different research design to be selected to investigate the topic.

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