Create a case history for a person with an addiction that clearly traces contributing factors. Do not include identifying information.

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Assignment 3: Case History

When conducting an evaluation, it is also important to consider the client’s demography as a possible contributing factor.

Use the module readings and the Argosy University online library resources to research methods of recording case histories.

Create a case history for a person with an addiction that clearly traces contributing factors. Do not include identifying information. At this point, do not include details of any mental illness that would constitute a dual diagnosis. Be sure to cover the following components in your case history:

Demographics – including age, gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, marital status, number and ages of children, living arrangements, and religion if applicable

Family background

Education

Employment

History of chemical use

Description of the current problem (include history of previous treatment, if any)

After completing the case history, consider ethical standards in relation to this client. What potential ethical issues exist or may come into play with this client? Be sure to include at least one ethical issue. Explore multiculturalism, duty to report/warn, and confidentiality. For example, if the client has children, explain how duty to report may come into play when working with this client.

Write a 3–4-page report in Word format. Apply APA standards to citation of sources. Use the following file naming convention: LastnameFirstInitial_M1_A3.doc. For example, if your name is John Smith, your document will be named SmithJ_M1_A3.doc.

By the due date assigned, deliver your assignment to the Submissions Area.

Assignment 3 Grading CriteriaMaximum PointsCreated a comprehensive and valid case history with all required components.50Identified potential ethical issues that exist or may come into play with the client.10Explored issues of multiculturalism, duty to report/warn, and confidentiality.20Applied online library resources to support factors contributing to substance use and potential ethical issues.12Wrote in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrated ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources; displayed accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation.8Total:100

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the overall structure, the activities and interventions for one session, and one ethical or legal consideration for your group proposal.

Psychology homework help

In this module, you have reviewed various specialty groups and the challenges of developing an effective group curriculum. The Group Counseling Proposal assignment (LASA) gives you the opportunity to design a developmentally appropriate and culturally sensitive group for a specific clinical issue. As you make progress on this assignment, keep in mind specific goals and the importance of incorporating creativity and sensitivity into the group setting.

Tasks:

In a minimum of 200 words, post to the Discussion Area your response to the following:

Share with your classmates the overall structure, the activities and interventions for one session, and one ethical or legal consideration for your group proposal.

Include personal reflections on how you would implement your group proposal.

Support your rationale and analysis by using at least 2 resources from professional literature in your response. Professional literature may include the Argosy University online library resources, relevant textbooks, peer reviewed journal articles, and websites created by professional organizations, agencies, or institutions (Websites ending in edu. or .gov).

Be sure to read all of your fellow classmates’ original posts and respond to more than two of your classmates’ posts. Comment on any additional information you found about the development of group counseling curriculum. Think about the language you use to comment constructively on other classmates’ posts.

Your discussion posts and all written assignments should reflect graduate level writing skills and appropriate use of APA style, including in-text citations and references.

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What assessment would you conduct to enhance your understanding of the client(s) problems and how would they direct your diagnostic formation?

Psychology homework help

I am sure that there is more but I am trying to get a head start on this 🙂

Recommendations for the Comprehensive Examination

My first recommendation is to get started now on the test. You can actually start writing your answers today.

Review the PowerPoint presentation and look at the questions as well as the grading rubric. Also, there is a reading list and you should start assembling your resources.

Although you do not know the vignette and it changes with each administration of the test, you can still start to formulate and write your answers. The questions are linked to the five learning objectives for the MA in Forensic Psychology program (subheadings below).

Psychological Theory and Practice

For example, the first question asks how you would conduct a clinical assessment.

A. What assessment would you conduct to enhance your understanding of the client(s) problems and how would they direct your diagnostic formation? In addition, what formal assessment procedures (either conducted by you or by someone you would refer to) would enhance your understanding of the problems and direct your treatment planning? Why?

With only a few minor things, most initial clinical assessments follow a uniform pattern. You will want to include the use of collateral sources, a clinical interview (structured, semi-structured or unstructured), a MSE and select psychological assessments. You will need to address substance use issues as well as suicidal ideation. Along with these issues mentioned, you may want to consider additional assessments (neurological, intellectual, vocational, etc.) based on the specifics of the vignette. But, you can start on this question now.

• Identify collateral sources

• Discuss type of interview

• Discuss use of MSE, substance use and suicidal ideation assessment

• Discuss and provide rationale for psychological testing

• Discuss any relevant referrals and the referral question

• Attend to any cultural issues related to assessment

The second question asks for a DSM-5 diagnosis along with a discussion of differential diagnosis.

B. Provide your diagnostic impressions (based on the DSM-5) for this individual. In narrative form, please describe how the individual meets the diagnostic criteria for the disorder(s) chosen in addition to the differential diagnostic thought process that you used to reach your hypotheses. Be sure to include any additional (missing) information that is needed to either rule out or confirm your differential diagnoses.

Naturally, this diagnosis depends on the vignette. You can prepare for this by having a copy of the DSM-5 readily available. I do not know how someone could adequately answer this question without the DSM-5. Be sure to use the DSM-5 and not the DSM-IV.

Legal Theory and Application

The third question addresses offender and victim theories as well as personality theories that may be used to explain the behavior presented in the vignette.

A. Using information from the provided vignette, describe the background, current presentation, and behavior of the client from a perspective which takes into consideration theories of offender and/or victim psychology and personality/psychopathology theories to support your position.

Again, although you do not yet know the vignette, you can still lay the groundwork for offender and/or victim theories as well as a theory on personality.

For example, you could discuss the basic tenets of social learning theory regarding the various ways behaviors can be learned. Once you have the vignette, you can apply specifics to the vignette. You should also explore offender and/or victim theories and start to write down the basic tenets of the theory. Example would be differential association theory, strain theory, etc.

The next question asks you to define the three psycholegal standards of competency to stand trial, risk assessment and criminal responsibility.

B. Describe the psycholegal standards and/or definitions for each of the following: competence to stand trial, risk of dangerousness, and insanity.

Identify and describe one or more landmark case(s) for each standard (at least three cases total). Describe the elements or issues that a mental health professional usually focuses on when assessing a person’s adjudicative competence, risk and insanity, and any additional items that might be especially important to focus on in the provided vignette.

You can elaborate on each of these and cite relevant case law. You should discuss the standards of each, competency to stand trial, risk assessment and criminal responsibility, and cite case law for each of the three psycholegal standards. You can have this accomplished before the exam is released. Once the exam is released and you have the vignette, you can add to your discussion as to how the three standards apply to specific examples from the vignette.

• Provide definitions and case law for each of the three standards

• Competency to stand trial

• Risk of dangerousness assessment

• Insanity

• Provide subheadings

• Show how the cases cited related to the legal standard

• Identify what elements a forensic mental health professional assesses for each standard

Research and Evaluation

The next question asks you to identify assessment instruments for the three psycholegal issues.

A. Describe tests or assessment procedures that you would employ in the vignette to address these forensic issues (competence to stand trial, risk of dangerousness, and insanity) and what your anticipated conclusions would be based upon that information provided in the vignette.

You can do this question now and review the literature and reading list for appropriate assessment tools and then provide detail on the assessment instruments and how the assessments are conducted. You have a number of resources available that you can use to identify assessment tolls to assess competency to stand trial, risk or dangerousness and criminal responsibility.

Once again, when you have the vignette, you can go back and apply details of the case to your response.

• Use subheadings in this section for the three legal standards

• Identify what assessment instruments are used to assess each of the three legal standards and provide a rationale for the assessment tools selected

• Identify any cultural concerns relevant to assessment

• Provide a realistic expectation of the expert opinion for the case vignette for each of the three standards

The next question asks for a treatment plan.

B. Develop one empirically supported therapeutic treatment plan for the client in the vignette. Please make sure you summarize the empirical evidence with appropriate citations to support your treatment choice(s) in working with your client. Be sure to discuss the effectiveness and limitations in working with this particular client, including this client’s background, using the above treatment plans.

You can start this answer now. You will need to discuss in detail a treatment approach. The treatment approach should correspond to the theoretical orientation that you selected for the question above (theory to describe the behavior). Many students select Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) as there is a wealth of empirical evidence for the effectiveness of this approach. You should be able to describe in detail what CBT is, the underlying assumptions of the treatment approach and therapeutic change as well as specific techniques used in the therapy. Once you have the vignette and know the diagnosis, you will need to find research to support the use of this approach with that diagnosis.

• Identify the name of the theory – this should relate back to the theoretical case conceptualization

• Discuss the types of interventions recommended by the approach

• Discuss your rationale for the interventions

• Identify short- and long-term goals.

• Discuss the ways in which effectiveness will be assessed

• Discuss the anticipated effectiveness and limitations of the approach for this particular client

• Summarize the empirical support for the approach with appropriate citations (not just your own opinion)

Interpersonal Effectiveness

The next question addresses diversity issues.

A. What diversity factors, cultural considerations, or other demographic variables pertaining to this client would you take into account in rendering diagnoses, choosing assessment measures, forming case conceptualizations, and designing the treatment plan? Be sure to discuss cultural/diversity factors that could apply even if they are not explicitly mentioned in the vignette.

You want to consider diversity broadly and include ethnicity and race, as well as gender, age, marital status, religious affiliation, sexual orientation, etc. You can start to assemble resources on diversity issues and assessment and treatment with regard to forensic settings.

The next question does not require a direct response but rather is an assessment of your writing and correct use of APA format. You really need to use the APA Publication Manual for correct APA format for the references. Also, you should use a grammar checker and spell checker for all your work.

B. Your writing, use of citations, ability to form a logical argument, and proper APA Style, including the use of paraphrasing, will be evaluated as a measure of your interpersonal effectiveness. No response is required for “B”.

• Be sure to use APA format for your exam. All sources should be properly cited.

• You are strongly encouraged to use APA format for headings and subheadings.

• Your headings and subheadings should correspond to each of the exam questions. This helps the scorers to easily find each of your answers.

Leadership, Consultation, and Ethics

The next question addresses professional roles.

A. Describe how you would work within a professional treatment team to consult, triage, and treat this case. Include a description of the various members of the professional team with whom you would be likely to interact. Additionally, explain the roles and responsibilities of each member of the treatment team.

You can start on this answer already. Consider what professionals work together as part of a treatment team. You could identify and define the different health care professionals as well as how they will interact.

• In other words, what roles would individual team members assume, and how would they interact?

• Discuss how they specifically would work together as a team. For instance, they might have weekly meetings, phone conferences, or some combination.

• Whereas much of your exam focuses on the role of the forensic professional, this question calls for your perspective as a treatment provider.

Finally, the last question addresses the ethical practice of forensic psychology.

B. What are the ethical and legal dilemmas this vignette introduced? What would be your immediate steps and why? Please be specific and make sure that you describe your process of ethical decision making and the solutions/consequences to which this process might lead. Your discussion should be informed by the American Psychological Association’s Ethics Code as well as the Specialty Guidelines for Forensic Psychologists.

You can start on this question as well. You can gather together the APA Ethical Principles and Code of Conduct as well as the Specialty Guidelines for Forensic Psychology. You can discuss these two documents and review the basic principles in the APA code. Once you have the exam, you can apply aspects of the vignette to the ethical issues.

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describing the population of the minority group in the US.

Psychology homework help

PLEASE REFER TO NATIVE AMERICANS FOR THIS PROJECT

I suggest using several pictures throughout your presentation. Make sure to include at least one picture or graphic per section. A powerpoint presentation looks dull with few pictures and a lot of text.

I suggest putting the heading of each category on or before the slides in that group, so I know what category each slide is in.

Please follow the order that is listed below. Make sure your slides stay in order.

Part 1 – Introduction of Minority Group: 2 to 3 slides introducing the minority group. This may include things like pictures,symbols, or any cultural characteristics representing the minority group you are researching.

Part 2 – Key Facts: 2 to 3 slides mentioning some of the relevant key facts outlined in the chapter or research.

Part 3 – History of Minority Group in the US: 2 to 3 slides describing the history of the minority group in the US.

Part 4 – Relevant Legislation: 2 to 3 slides describing relevant legislation.

Part 5 – Population: 2 to 3 slides describing the population of the minority group in the US.

Part 6 – Education, Employment, and Earnings: 2 to 3 slides describing the education levels, employment, and earnings of the minority group.

Part 7 – Stereotypes: 2 to 3 slides describing the stereotypes associated with this minority group in the US.

Part 8 – Strengths: 2 to 3 slides describing some strengths of this minority group.

Part 9 – Reference Slide: Please conclude your presentation with a reference slide.

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Familism and a Changing Society

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Familism and a Changing Society

THIS DISCUSSION SHOULD BE NO LESS THAN 300 WORDS AND APA FORMAT

Many regard the family as a real strength in the Latino community, but is this always the case? What are the positive and negative aspects of familism?

Research the web for information on familism. Does familism promote psychological well-being? Do men or women benefit more from familism?

Around the world, it appears familism is coming to an end. What are the economic, political and cultural implications of the changes underway in the traditional family unit?

What are your experiences with family? Are you familiar with the concept of familism? How do you personally feel about extended family and how it affects family life and career? (IM AFRICAN AMERICAN)

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Social and Cultural Capital

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THIS DISCUSSION IS NO LESS THAN 300 WORDS AND APA FORMAT.

Social and Cultural Capital

When trying to comprehend the persistence of racial and ethnic inequality, social scientists find it useful to think in terms of social and cultural capital. French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu popularized the terms social and cultural capital to refer to assets that are not necessarily economic but have an impact on economic capital for one’s family and future. Less cultural and social capital are passed on through generations which can make it difficult to overcome deficits. Racial and ethnic minorities reproduce disadvantage while Whites are more likely to reproduce privilege.

Please read pages 245-247 in your text and view the videos provided in the assignment. In your essay this week, respond to the following:

Define cultural and social capital and provide examples.

Describe why White Americans are less likely to be concerned with social and cultural capital.

How important do you find social and cultural capital to your family and future?

Social Capital

Cultural Capital

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Increased resting heart rate with intermittent bursts of arrhythmia

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Throughout the discussions in this course we will be focusing on one single condition; gradually unfolding week by week how this condition can grossly affect the entire human body and its systems.

The goal of the course discussions is primarily, to build upon the skill of differential diagnosis and secondary, to give a clear view as to how a single pathological process can possess the ability to affect an entire human organism.

Each week you will be presented with varying components of a new system being adversely affected by the unidentified condition. Your task as a healthcare professional in training, is to thoroughly research and envelop yourself within the process of differential diagnosis to arrive at a definitive diagnosis at the end of the course in week 8.

In phase one of the discussion, you will be tasked with presenting your researched information into a video or written presentation answering the questions below, while also considering your response and symptom presentation from weeks 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6.

Written presentations should be a minimum of 2-3 paragraphs per each diagnosed condition (3 conditions minimum).

Symptom Presentation:

Adrenalin: Increased epinephrine (catecholamine production) from the adrenal medulla

Heart Rate: Increased resting heart rate with intermittent bursts of arrhythmia

Blood Pressure: Systemic hypertension reported over the past 8 months

Hypertensive Retinopathy: arteriolar constriction, vascular wall changes, cotton-wool spots, yellow hard exudates, and optic disk edema

Previously, you researched and considered three conditions through the process of differential diagnosis that would present with varying abnormalities in homeostasis, metabolism, triglycerides and DNA in week 1. Abnormalities in oxidation, plasma and tissue enzyme activity, inflammation and alopecia respectively in week 2. Increased cortisol and demonstrated bone loss in week 3. Fibromyalgia and muscle atrophy in week 4. Increased glutamate and memory loss in week 5 and neurogenic inflammation in week 6. Given the new symptom presentation above, consider and answer the following questions.

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describe what you believe are the greatest strengths and weaknesses of using the medications to treat psychological disorders.

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Report Issue

In your initial post, describe what you believe are the greatest strengths and weaknesses of using the medications to treat psychological disorders.

Using medication to treat psychological disorders has many strengths along with weaknesses. I feel that understanding psychological disorders can be difficult for some individuals. I can speak for this first hand because until I began battling depression, I did not understand this disorder. Although I do not currently use psychoactive drugs to treat my depression, there are various medications that exist to treat this disorder along with many others. Using medications to treat psychoactive disorders helps individuals cope and live a more normal life. They help with the health and well-being of the individual. Although the medication itself may not cure the disorder, it helps with the treatment of symptoms associated with the disorder. On the flip side, sometimes mental disorders may just be a phase in an individual’s life where the use of psychoactive drugs may be necessary. For example, individuals who have encountered a very traumatic experience may cause a mental health disorder such as depression. Various treatment plans, which may include a combination of therapy and psychoactive drugs, may assist in this difficult time of dealing with depression. Over time the individual may begin healing, causing them to no longer need the use of medication. Also, the use of various medications may assist with symptoms related to ADHD. As the child ages and goes through various developmental stages, the use of medication may not be needed.

The use of psychoactive drugs is aimed to alter the chemicals in the brain which may be causing symptoms related to various disorders, but the use of medication can be harmful and dangerous. For example, the use of antidepressant drugs may cause an increase in suicidal thoughts. Various drugs can also cause developmental damage, especially in youth. Psychoactive drug use can also become addicting and dependency may occur. The use of medication may lead to other symptoms or disorders as well. Prescribing medication to treat mental disorders should be used with caution and planned out, assessing the pros and cons.

Evaluate the employment of psychoactive drugs in the treatment of disorders over the lifespan from both an ethical and risk-benefits perspective.

Treating disorders using medication over a lifespan may provide risks and benefits. Society, environments, and the culture where medication is being used to treat a variety of mental disorders is sending a message that self-medicating is acceptable, especially in children (Gup, 2013). Children then grow up with this exposure and using medication is carried with them throughout a lifetime. The individual may have a perspective and understanding that psychoactive drugs are acceptable to use anytime. Whenever they need to alter their feelings, just pop a pill, have a drink, or combine various medications to get a desired feeling. Overtime, dependency and addiction may occur and may lead to death. However, the benefits of using medication may alleviate symptoms which may be necessary to function in every day life. Individuals, including children need to have an understanding the risk and benefits of using medication and that sometimes medication is necessary and should be used. In addition, the use of medication to treat when unnecessary is on the rise. In fact, pharmaceutical companies are encouraging physicians to prescribe medications other than what the drug is designed for and medications are doing more harm than benefits (Dolan, 2011). Every individual including health care professionals, patients, and parents should be held to ethical standards. Prescribing medication should only be done when necessary and psychoactive drugs should be used properly, understanding the risks and benefits involved.

Summarize the theories of psychiatric disease and the scientific rationale behind its treatment through the employment of drug therapies.

Several theories exist that provide a better understanding of psychiatric diseases. The cause of psychiatric diseases varies amongst individuals as well as the illness. Mental illnesses are very broad and affect individuals differently. Some may experience minor symptoms while others may experience major symptoms. Although the cause of psychiatric disease continues to be researched and may not be completely understood, there are various factors that contribute to the development of the disorders. The development of psychiatric diseases can be caused from environmental, biological, and psychological factors. Sometimes a combination of factors may lead to the disorder, which makes it difficult to discover the exact cause. Therefore, a combination of treatments, rather than one treatment option may provide benefits. Results of a study on depression using psychological therapy treatment versus drug therapy indicated that psychotherapy treatment was shown to be slightly more effective (Advokat, Comaty and Julien, 2014, p. 603). Thus, it can be concluded that objective and scientific ananlysis is crititcal when trying to determine the best option for psychological and pharmacological treatment as treatment of psychiatric disease is complex (Advokat, Comaty and Julien, 2014, p. 603). Depending on several factors, a combination of treatments may be the best option.

Explain what you believe to be the greatest challenges in the use of psychoactive medications over the next several years. Support your statements with references and logical arguments.

We live in a society and culture where psychoactive drug use is becoming more and more common. According to Advokat, Comaty and Julien (2014) the use of psychotic drugs amongst adults grew 22% over a recent 9-year span with antipsychotic prescription drugs and adults using ADHD drugs being the largest increase for use (p. 592). In the generation of our children, mixed messages are being sent often times indicating that when life gets hard, using a substance to cope should be used. I think it will be very difficult trying to help individuals understand when using psychoactive drugs is acceptable and unacceptable. The legalization of marijuana indicates that individuals have different view-points. While for various reasons, some may feel that using marijuana is acceptable and others may not. Psychoactive drugs are also becoming easier to obtain, which makes it difficult to monitor and keep off the streets. In addition, more mental illnesses are being discovered and treatment options are often not successful. Mental illnesses are becoming more and more common amongst our youth and elderly alike. With mental illnesses becoming more prevalent, I feel that health care professionals may be having a difficult time diagnosing mental illnesses and understanding when prescribing medication is necessary. Therefore, policies and guidelines should be in place for individuals to follow. Advokat, Comaty and Julien (2014) state psychiatric professionals along with pharmaceutical companies are responsible for promoting drugs that are not effective or appropriate, causing mental illnesses to augment (p. 596). Since there is no “one size fits all”, professionals should strive to do their best professionally and ethically to correctly diagnose, follow proper policies and guidelines, and aim to implement successful treatment plans in order to benefit the health and well-being of patients.

References

Advokat, C. D., Comaty, J. E., & Julien, R. M. (2014). Julien’s primer of drug action: A comprehensive guide to the actions, uses, and side effects of psychoactive drugs (13th ed.). New York, NY: Worth Publishers.

Dolan, E. W. (2011, August 7). Antidepressant use increasing among those with no psychiatric diagnosis. (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. The Raw Story. Retrieved from http://www.rawstory.com/rs/2011/08/07/antidepressant-use-increasing-among-those-with-no-psychiatric-diagnosis/

Gup, T. (2013, April 2). Diagnosis: Human (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/03/opinion/diagnosis-human.html?_r=2&

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What are common themes found among each of the professional organizations represented in the websites?

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Mental Health Disciplines

Review at least three websites of professional organizations for mental health and related fields provided in this week’s list of Recommended Websites. Compare and contrast the key features of three mental health-related disciplines.

Address the following questions in your initial post:

What are common themes found among each of the professional organizations represented in the websites?

What are the distinctive themes for each organization?

How might a professional from each of the disciplines represented in the websites you selected answer the following question “How would a professional in your organization contribute to the treatment of depression?”

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explore potential causes and effects of alpha and beta errors and their impact on research related to gender.

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Research from the past century has claimed empirical support for many different hypotheses–that men and women are fundamentally different because of biological reasons; that social influences (cultural factors) are the cause of male-female differences; and that men and women are not very psychologically different at all. Literature reviews and meta-analyses attempt to parse the truth by identifying in research alpha bias, which is the tendency to exaggerate differences, and beta bias, which is the tendency to minimize differences.

Central to an examination of alpha and beta bias related to gender is a concept called androcentrism. This term refers to the practice of placing masculinity or the male gender at the center of a worldview, thus rendering it the “norm.” Feminine or other gender perspectives become, by definition, “other.” Androcentrism may be unconsciously incorporated as the paradigm through which perceptions and judgments are made, influencing research when subtle biases of the researchers or research designs go undetected.

In this Discussion, you will explore potential causes and effects of alpha and beta errors and their impact on research related to gender.

To prepare

· Take the Gender Traits Test in this week’s Learning Resources and reflect on your results.

· Based on the results and on information presented in this week’s Learning Resources, think about how these results may minimize or exaggerate differences between masculine and feminine traits. Examine Figure 4.1 in your course text for a visual representation of the distribution of differences.

By Day 4

Post an explanation regarding how assessments such as the Gender Traits Test relate to alpha and beta errors. Does this type of assessment overemphasize or minimize differences between masculine and feminine traits? What possible impact might this type of assessment have on research related to gender? (Note: You should not disclose your own test score.)

Readings for this week discussion question; Helgeson, V. S. (2017). Psychology of gender (5th ed.). New York, NY: Taylor and Francis.

Chapter 4, “Sex-Related Comparisons: Observations” (pp. 121–154)

Hare-Mustin, R. T., & Marecek, J. (1987, August). Gender and the meaning of difference: Alpha and beta bias. In R.T. Hare-Mustin & J. Maracek (Chairs), The future of difference: Representations of gender in psychology. Symposium conducted at the meeting of the American Psychological Association, New York, NY. Symposium contribution retrieved from the ERIC database (Accession No. ED292002).

Bem, S. L. (1997). Transforming the debate on sexual inequality: From biological difference to institutionalized androcentrism. PTN – Psychology Teacher Network, 7(3), 2–4. doi:10.1037/e511152010-002

Hyde, J. S. (2005). The gender similarities hypothesis. American Psychologist, 60(6), 581–592. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.60.6.581

Hyde, J. S. (2005). The gender similarities hypothesis. American Psychologist, 60(6), 581–592. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.60.6.581

Androgyne Online. (2012). Gender traits test. Retrieved from http://www.afifthofnothing.com/gendertest.html

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