Microbiology questions, Biology Homework Help

I have attached a document with a list of questions to this post. Please just focus on the questions, not so much the teachers directions because those are for me more than anything. Please include in text citations and a list of references. Also please put everything into your own words and in as much detail as possible. I really need someone to do this that somewhat understands or somewhat knows the subject. Please also use complete sentences when answering questions. you do not need to put the questions in essay form, just leave them in question form please. 

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