RESPOND TO THESE STUDENT POSTS
identify one idea advanced by that learner that strikes you as particularly useful, and describe how you might use it. What questions or suggestions can you offer each?
Bloom’s Taxonomy is a model used as a mechanism to help establish and display cognitive complexity in writing substantial literature. (Granello, 2001). Bloom’s technology is that each of the six levels in the hierarchy provides an essential skill for students who would like to write cognitively advanced works of literature. (Krathwohl, 2002).
One of the main strengths of Bloom’s Taxonomy is that it can be used as a growth instrument for writing while providing structure for organizing thoughts by providing structure for developing writing. For example, when instructors read students’ papers, they can access which areas a student may need help with and develop curricula and provide feedback designed to help them progress to the next level. (Krathwohl, 2002). This is done by accessing which level of the hierarchy the student’s writing falls based on the definitions for each of the six domain categories in the cognitive domain while providing a visual of what is the next level that they need to master.
According to new research (Krathwohl, 2002), Bloom’s Taxonomy is not an all-encompassing model of writing, which is a weakness because it may not identify areas that the student needs to develop regarding their writing skills. The categories that Bloom uses are knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation (Krathwohl, 2002). To get a full assessment of a student’s writing would require the use of an additional tool. Having to use two or more models to improve writing can make things a little more complicated. This may result in two different assessment that does not correlate with each other at all.
Even though Bloom’s Taxonomy is not an all-encompassing mode, it is a valuable tool that I can use to assist me in organizing my writing to ensure that it is clear by ensuring that I demonstrate the use of all six levels of the Taxonomy as defined by Bloom and to access my learning and writing abilities and define areas that I need to improve in. By closely looking at the well-defined Taxonomy, I should be able to quickly identify shortcomings. I can also use this model as I read research articles to assist me with my critical thinking and analysis by focusing in on the six categories that Bloom uses.
Like any theoretical model, Bloom’s Taxonomy has its strengths and weaknesses. Its greatest strength is that it has taken the very important topic of thinking and placed a structure around it that is usable by practitioners. Those teachers who keep a list of question prompts relating to the various levels of Bloom’s Taxonomy undoubtedly do a better job of encouraging higher-order thinking in their learners than those who have no such tool. On the other hand, as anyone who has worked with a group of educators to classify a group of questions and learning activities according to the Taxonomy can attest, there is little consensus about what seemingly self-evident terms like “analysis,” or “evaluation” mean (Bloom,1956). In addition, so many worthwhile activities, such as authentic problems and projects, cannot be mapped to the Taxonomy, and trying to do that would diminish their potential as learning opportunities.
According to this taxonomy, each level of knowledge can correspond to each level of cognitive process, so a learner can remember factual or procedural knowledge, understand conceptual or meta cognitive knowledge, or analyze metacognitive or factual knowledge (Bloom,1956). According to Anderson and his colleagues, “Meaningful learning provides learners with the knowledge and cognitive processes they need for successful problem solving”(Bloom,1956). The following charts list examples of each skill of the Cognitive and Knowledge Dimensions.
In each case, choose one of the themes identified by your peer, and compare it to the themes that you arrived at. Identify one example related to your specialization, and explain how these themes would apply.
After reading the article I was able to learn about the three different theories. Mcclelland ‘s theory discussed the achievement motivation theory. David believed that the higher level needs were the most important for work purposes. He goes on to talk about the three main socially developed motives. the first motive being achievement, the second is power, and the third the affiliative motives (McCelelland, 1988). McClelland focused his research on testing an individuals motivation level. On the other hand, Maslow theory is the hierarchy of needs. He works with a pyramid structure which includes physiological needs, safety needs, needs for love, self -esteem needs, and self actualization. By hierarchy is meant that needs lower on the pyramid must generally be satisfied before needs at higher levels are “activated” (Neher, 1991). Maslow believe that everyone is born with certain needs, which prepotent in that they occupy their attention until they are satisfied. When it comes to Herzberg, his theory proposed two factors that influence motivation at work, Hygiene motive and satisfiers or motivators. The theory challenged the dominant theoretical assumptions prevailing at the time that job satisfaction and dissatisfaction could be presented on a continuum, at the midpoint of which, an individual would experience a neutral state being neither satisfied nor dissatisfied (Bassett-Jones, & Lloyd, 2005) .
Between the three theories there are some similarities. All authors talk about how to motivate people. They all discuss what people need and want in order to do better at work. They also talk about how individuals need that recognition and a certain level of respect since everyone shares some form of ego. They can all be classified under explanatory tools.
RESPOND TO THE NEXT TWO STUDENT POST AND BE CONSTRUCTIVE AND PROFESSIONAL WITH RESPONSES.
A book that I read when I was a teenager has really stuck with me into my adulthood years, it’s a book written by Wally Lamb, She’s Come Undone. I remember reading the book and Dolores story leaving an impact on me, it changed the way that I looked at certain things, and realized there is a lot of things that are complicated to explain, and she had some hard times in her life but was able to find some happiness at the end. I think that this book shaped the way that I look at literature in society in that people like Dolores exist, they have similar struggles in their life, and this book could possibly help those people. The reason why is that literature is important in society, but it takes a special author and their writing to make someone feel something, after all most of these stories are made up, I think that Lamb’s book goes hand in hand with today’s society, and reading this book has the influence to change people’s perspective on what actually goes through someone’s mind who has gone through traumatic events like Dolores. How we become critical readers is to take apart what you’re reading and study it and try to understand where the author is coming from. I usually read something and come up with questions or talk to people who’ve read the same thing to try to understand it, and I this is who I become a more active and responsive reader.
Literature has a very large impact on our society, and has had one for however long you believe the earth has been around. Common modern day literature is supposed to be influential on we humans, because it is supposed to teach us a lesson. Books are written by individuals, but they are also influenced by that individual’s society. Therefore, it is important to consider a work’s cultural context. Culture can refer to the beliefs, customs, values, and activities of a particular group of people at a particular time. Modern day morals aren’t found in modern day literature. It has shaped civilizations changed political systems and exposed injustice. Literature gives us a detailed preview of human experiences, allowing us to connect on basic levels of desire and emotion. Literature shows the ideas and culture of a people. The way we think about something comes across in our writing. A society’s history is reflected in literature based upon the fact that their actions, many times, are a result of what is happening around them in the society which they live in. There is the seven cognitive strategies of effective readers: activating, inferring, monitoring-clarifying, questioning, searching-selecting, summarizing, and visualizing-organizing.