His “Principles of Geology” in 1830 summarized geological thinking and positioned geology among sciences by establishing principles.Charles Lyellc….

His “Principles of Geology” in 1830 summarized geological thinking and positioned geology among sciences by establishing principles.

a.     Charles Lyell                   c. James Hutton

b.    William Smith                d. Nicolaus Steno

Bones and wood are usually fossilized with all of the pore spaces filled. This filling of pore space is known as:

a.     carbonization                   c. recrystallization

b.    permineralization            d. replacement

Which method of preservation would not preserve the original hard parts?

a.     amber                               c. freezing

b.    carbonization                   d. tar pits

Sedimentary layers may be destroyed by the burrowing, stirring, or churning of the original sediment by organisms. This process is referred to as:

a.     bioturbation                     c. graded bedding

b.    cross bedding                   d. sole marking

Examination of a cross-bedded sandstone can yield all of the following information except:

a.     energy of the environment

b.    direction of wind movement

c.     distance from shore

d.    volcanic activity

Aeolian refers to what terrestrial environment?

a.     glacier                              c. river

b.    lake                                  d. wind