# DISTILLATION In the accompanying chart are appropriate vapor pressures for benzene and toluene at various temperatures: Benzene: Temp (C).mmHg 30.120…

DISTILLATIONIn the accompanying chart are appropriate vapor pressures for benzene and toluene at various temperatures:Benzene:Temp (C)….mmHg 30……….120 40……….180 50……….270 60……….390 70……….550 80……….760 90……….1010 100………1340110………760Toluene:Temp (C)….mmHg30……….3740……….6050……….9560……….4070……….20080……….29090……….405100………560a. What is the mole fraction of each component if 3.9 g of benzene (C6H6) is dissolved in 4.6 g of toluene (C7H8)?b. Assuming that this mixture is ideal, that is, it follows Raoult’s Law, what is the partial vapor pressure of benzene in this mixture at 50 C?c. Estimate to the nearest degree the temperature at which the vapor pressure of the solution equals 1 atm (bp of the solution).d. Calculate the composition of the vapor (mole fraction of each component) that is in equilibrium in the solution at the boiling point of this solution.e. Calculate the composition in weight percentage of the vapor that is in equilibrium with the solution.