Describe how habituation studies can be used on infants to determine what they can understand.

Text: Psychology Core Concepts: Zimbardo, Johnson and Hamilton 7TH EDITION (978-0-205183463) I cant found the text online maybe you can

Or You can access The Discovering Psychology video series on the internet for free!

  1. Go to www.learner.org
  2. Click on the blue tab near the top that reads “view programs”
  3. Many film series will be listed. They are in alphabetical order. Scroll down to Discovering Psychology: Updated Edition. Click on it.
  4. All 26 episodes from the series are listed in order. Double click on the box that says “VoD” next to the episode you wish to view. That’s it! Type 1 page for each ½ hour video unit where you submit bullets outlining the content of each ½ hour lecture (not more than one page in length) AND, SEPARATELY, ANSWER ALL LEARNING OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS FROM THE ATTACHED/ENCLOSED PACKET( state each question before each of your responses. Make sure you cite page references from the text for each of your answers). ANSWERS TO THESE QUESTIONS CAN BE FOUND IN VIDEO AND TEXT INSIDE FRONT AND BACK COVER OF TEXT WILL TELL YOU WHAT CHAPTERS CORRELATE WITH WHICH VIDEOS).

Objectives 5

After viewing the television program and completing the assigned readings, you should be able to:

1. State the primary interest of developmental psychologists.

2. Describe the various ways that development is documented, including longitudinal, cross sectional and sequential.

3. Describe cognitive development across the lifespan.

4. Identify Piaget’s stages of cognitive development.

5. Describe some contemporary perspectives on early cognitive development.

6. Describe physical development across the lifespan.

7. Describe how habituation studies can be used on infants to determine what they can understand.

8. Describe several ways that we know infants are not born as blank slates, but instead, come equipped with temperaments, preferences, and biases.

9. Describe several ways that the environment is known to affect skills and behaviors.

Objectives 6

After viewing the television program and completing the assigned readings, you should be able to:

1. Describe the structure of language, including syntax, grammar, and semantics.

2. Define a child’s “language making capacity.”

3. Provide evidence of the universality of language acquisition and the way it progresses.

4. Explain Chomsky’s hypothesis that humans are born with an innate biological capacity for language acquisition.

5. Explain how “motherese” (or “parentese”) helps babies learn to communicate.

6. Describe the use of intonation by both young children and adults in their communication with each other.

What is the importance of nurture in language development?

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I need these two outlines to be combined into one to discuss how nature and nurture affect language development

Thesis: Nature is a precursor to language development that needs the compliments of nurture for a child to be well versed with its first language

I. Introduction

A. Thesis: Nature is a precursor to language development that needs the compliments of nurture for a child to be well versed with its first language

II. What is the importance of nurture in language development?

A. With respect to language development, there have been many schools of thought regarding the importance of nurture or on the flip side, its irrelevance. The importance of nurture, however, is undeniable.

B. One evidence of the importance of nurture is that children will speak the language that is at their predisposition; an American born child will both speak and be fluent in English or Mandarin depending on whether it will grow in New York or Beijing.

III. What do behaviorists say about nurture’s role in language development?

A. With respect to language acquisition in children and nurture, behaviorists posit that the environment within which a child grows is the most relevant factor in the acquisition of its first language.

B. What’s more, it has been noted that if a child is predisposed to rich language then good habit formation will take place and proper development of language will occur. The role of nurture is very important where parents and guardians play the role of a support system to better the language development of a child (Friedmann & Rusou, 2015).

C. Examples of duties that parents and guardians (teachers included) need to play is giving children attention, asking them questions, using labels and help them with naming, and generally socially interacting with children (Berk, L. (2017).

IV. Conclusion

A. Nurture and nature both play a role in language development. As such, there is no dismissing nurture with respect to influencing a child to speak well. The moment the world accepts this as a reality, the better it will be for the young ones who are developing.

B. Parents play the biggest role in nurture i.e. to help children develop their language; teachers come second in playing this role. Children’s peers also help them develop language.

C. For that matter parents should be aware of their nurturing role and pronounce words correctly when they speak near children; they should not mimic the gibberish spoken by children.

References

Berk, L. (2017). Development through the lifespan. Pearson Education India.

Friedmann, N., & Rusou, D. (2015). Critical period for first language: the crucial role of language input during the first year of life. Current opinion in neurobiology, 35, 27-34.

Contents

1. Introduction

2. Speech meaning

a) Semantics

b) Lexicon

3. Sounds and meanings

4. Grammar

5. Derivational Morphology

6. Inflectional morphology

7. Syntax

8. Language social context

9. Pragmatics and discourse

10. Speech sounds

11. Linearity

12. How speech is interpreted in adults

13. How speech is developed by children.

14. Speech production

15. Phonological development

16. Brain bases of speech perception and production

17. Lesion studies of speech

18. Functional Brain imaging studies of speech

19. Words and grammar

20. How sentences are processed by normal adults

21. How words and sentence develop in young children

22. Major milestones in childhood development

23. Brain bases of words and sentences

24. Neural imaging studies

25. Pragmatics and discourse

26. Conclusion

27. References

Discuss the Ashford University institutional outcomes and the program outcomes by identifying their relevance to a profession in psychology.

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Prior to completing this assignment, read the Ashford University Institutional Outcomes located on the Syllabus page for this course. Additionally, read the Bachelor of Arts in Psychology Program Outcomes (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (pg. 248) https://www.ashford.edu/catalog-online-undergraduate-programs.htm#catalog11900

located within the Online Undergraduate Programs section of the Ashford University 2013-2014 Academic Catalog.

After reviewing the information provided above, you will create a two- to three-page case study focusing on professional and personal scenarios (they can be real or hypothetical) in which you evaluate your learning as it contributes to the overall attainment of Ashford University’s institutional outcomes and the Bachelor of Arts in Psychology program outcomes.

In the body of your paper:

Discuss the Ashford University institutional outcomes and the program outcomes by identifying their relevance to a profession in psychology.

Create one personal life example and one career example in which you (or a fictitious person) struggle with personal challenges and an ethical dilemma (e.g., a client or research subject reveals compromising information about a friend or family member who also happens to be someone you know in a personal/social context).

After identifying the problem, include a section wherein you address each of the following prior to making a decision about a course of action:

From your point of view, what is the problem?

From the point of view of other individuals, what is the problem?

What are the options? What are potential consequences of the options?

What are the risks of each potential solution?

What are the risks of not resolving the challenges effectively?

What evidence/data do you have to assist you in decision making?

Apply the competencies gained at Ashford University (from the institutional and program outcomes) to identify the preferred resolutions to the situations you identified in #2 above. Select at least three competencies that are most relevant to your scenarios. Be specific in your discussion of the scenarios and provide details demonstrating professional problem solving in your case study.

Conclude the case study with how you resolved the problem (the outcome) and what you learned while at Ashford University that assisted you in deciding on an effective resolution. You may also identify additional competencies used to resolve the problem that are not included in the institutional and program outcomes.

Utilize at least one scholarly source as a basis for the evidence you will use to rationalize the decision-making process. All sources must be documented in APA style, as outlined by the Ashford Writing Center.

Writing the Case Study

The Assignment:

Must be two to three double-spaced pages in length (excluding title and reference pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

Must include a title

page with the following:

Title of paper

Student’s name

Course name and number

Instructor’s name

Date submitted

Must document all sources in APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

Must include a separate reference page, formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

Conducting a z-Test

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Instructions

Assignment 2: Conducting a z-Test

A researcher predicts that watching a film on institutionalization will change students’ attitudes about chronically mentally ill patients. The researcher randomly selects a class of 36 students, shows them the film, and gives them a questionnaire about their attitudes. The mean score on the questionnaire for these 36 students is 70. The score for people in general on this questionnaire is 75, with a standard deviation of 12. Using the five steps of hypothesis testing and the 5% significance level (i.e. alpha = .05), does showing the film change students’ attitudes towards the chronically mentally ill?

What does it mean to set alpha at .05?

What is your null hypothesis? Alternate hypothesis?

Is this a one-tailed or two-tailed hypothesis?

What is the critical z?

Calculate the obtained z. Do you reject or fail to reject the null hypothesis?

State in words what you have found.

By the due date assigned, deliver your assignment to the Submissions Area.

Assignment 3 Grading Criteria

Explained what it means to set alpha at .05.

Correctly identified the null and alternative hypotheses.

Correctly identified and explained whether theirs is a one-tailed or two-tailed hypothesis.

Correctly identified the critical z.

Used obtained z and explained whether one would reject or fail to reject the null hypothesis, and state in words what the findings were.

Wrote in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrated ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources; displayed accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation.

Explain what early thoughts and beliefs existed about what caused mental illness.

Psychology homework help

To prepare for this week’s Assignment, review the following videos in addition to this week’s assigned Reading:

Duran, V. M. (2013). Supernatural views- Historic. Retrieved from http://www.cengage.com/custom/ems/psych/shared/video/player.html?video=suprnatral_vws_hstrc_16360.

Duran, V. M. (2013). Hippocrates. Retrieved from http://www.cengage.com/custom/ems/psych/shared/video/player.html?video=hippocrates_16362.

Duran, V. M. (2013). Concept Check: Integrative Approach. Retrieved from http://www.cengage.com/custom/ems/psych/shared/video/player.html?video=cncpt_chck_intgratve_apprch_16363.

In the past, a one-cause approach was more accepted to understanding psychopathological behavior. Today, it is more accepted that there are multiple causes that can explain the development of mental illness.

For this Assignment, you will compare and contrast the early ways of thinking about psychological disorders to today’s current view and explain the multi-dimensional model and the major approaches (theorized causes) of mental illness.

Explain what early thoughts and beliefs existed about what caused mental illness.

Describe one of the psychological traditions and how it furthered the beliefs about what causes mental illness from that of the early beliefs by the Greeks and from Religions. Select from: Freud’s theory of the unconscious, humanism, or behaviorism.

Explain the idea of a multi-dimensional approach and how it differs from a single approach to understanding the major causes of mental illness.

Last, referring directly to the textbook, provide an overview of the major approaches of a multi-dimensional integrated model listed in the textbook. For each major approach, include its central tenant(s) as it relates to the explanation (or cause) of mental illness. The major approaches that provide an explanation or cause for the development of mental illness are biological approach (genetics and neurological factors), psychological approach (cognitive and behavioral factors, including the unconscious), emotions approach, social and cultural approach, and the developmental approach. For example, from the biological approach, an imbalance of neurochemicals is believed to influence (or cause) behavioral changes as well as heritability.

Submitting Your Learning Activity

Using your textbook, complete the Unit 3 Assignment Template. No more than 10% of the work should be direct quotations Complete the document in 2–3 pages, using APA writing style, and save it in a location with your first and last name in the title. When you are ready to submit it, go to the Dropbox.

comment about this evidence you found that the traditions of this society are changing, or might change, because of modernization processes.

Psychology homework help

Post a referenced, complete response to the Discussion topic after you have completed your reading.

The focus is on how social change affects culture through the processes of modernization. Share a link to an article or film that provides evidence of the clash between the processes of modernization and traditions in any one society outside of the United States.

First conduct internet research to learn more about any society that you think is interesting where modernization could threaten traditional ways. For example, you might want to examine modernization and reindeer herding society in the Lule Sami border area between Norway and Sweden. Or, you may find the Wola hunter-gathers of Papua New Guinea Highlands interesting. Still another society that you might find interesting is the Taureg agricultural society of the West African Sahara.

After you do the online investigation of just one society, post the link(s) you used. Write a two-three sentence comment about this evidence you found that the traditions of this society are changing, or might change, because of modernization processes.

A minimum of 350 words is required.

Does the new theory support or contrast with the theory evaluated in the final project?

Psychology homework help
Research Table Assignment
PSY 560 Research Table Guidelines and Rubric

Overview: The purpose of the Research Table document is to help you organize the research that you conduct for your final project. The first portion of the document is an annotated bibliography. Here you will keep notes on the various research materials that you read while researching your final project. The second portion of this document is a chart that you can use to take notes on key theories related to the theories you encounter during the course. Your first entry in your table was related to Freud’s theory. This practice will allow you to receive meaningful feedback on your use of this tool to help you support your final project. Prompt: For this assignment, complete rows of the annotated bibliography section of the table with research you encounter during the course. Use research you have identified related to the final project’s selected theory. Note how the research is related to your selected theory for the final project. How relevant is the research? How does the research compare to or contrast with the final project theory? You will use this information as you complete the milestone assignments and the final project. Incorporate the feedback you receive from this assignment as you continuing working on the table. Incorporate the feedback you receive from this assignment as you continue to add additional research to the table. Part One: Annotated Bibliography

i. Citation: Use APA formatting for your citations. ii. Summary and applicability to the final project

a. Not all sources you encounter in your research will be applicable to the final paper, so it is a good idea to note the relation the theory does or does not have. You may come back to a source at a later time as you gain more insight about the different theories, so note all the different research you encounter for easy retrieval.

iii. Additional Notes Part Two: Theory Chart

i. Key Concepts a. Identify the key concepts of the research.

ii. Historical Context and Historical Figures a. Summarize the historical context of the research, including historical figures related to the research.

iii. Validity and Accuracy a. Part 1 of the textbook explains these terms to help you further evaluate the theory based on validity and accuracy. Use this information to

evaluate the validity and accuracy of the research. iv. Applicability of Theory Today

a. Identify the contemporary application of each theory. v. Theory’s Relationship to the Final Project

a. Does the new theory support or contrast with the theory evaluated in the final project? b. What key concepts are important for the comparison to the final project? c. Is there a strong or weak relation to the theory evaluated in the final project?

Rubric

Guidelines for Submission: Use the Research Table document provided. Submit the table as a Microsoft Word document. Note: This rubric will be used for the Research Table checkpoint as well as for the final submission of the research table. Critical Elements Proficient (100%) Needs Improvement (80%) Not Evident (0%) Value

Part One: Research Citation

Includes the correct APA citations for the research with links to the studies

Includes the correct APA citations for the research or provides links to the studies but does not include both items

Does not include the correct APA citations for the research or links to the studies

5

Part One: Summary and Applicability

Includes a well-defined summary of the research study and how the research applies to the final project

Includes a summary of the research but is not clear how the research applies to the final project

Does not include a summary of the research and how it applies to the final project

20

Part Two: Key Concepts

Clearly identifies the key concepts of the research

Identifies key concepts of the research, but identification contains inaccuracies or is cursory

Does not identify key concepts of the research 15

Part Two: Historical Context

and Historical Figures

Correctly summarizes the historical context of the research and, if applicable, important historical figures related to the research

Summarizes the historical context, but the research is not well-defined and/or important historical figures are not included

Does not summarize the historical context of the research or related historical figures

15

Part Two: Validity and Accuracy

Evaluates the validity and accuracy of the research

Evaluates the validity and accuracy of the research, but evaluation is not clearly defined or lacks clarity

Does not evaluate the validity and accuracy of the research

10

Part Two: Contemporary

Application

Identifies contemporary application of the research

Identifies contemporary application of the research, but it is not relevant to today

Does not identify contemporary application of the research

15

Part Two: Connection to Final Project

Makes a clearly defined connection of the research to the final project

Connection of the research to the final project is unclear or not clearly identified

Does not make a connection of the research to the final project

20

Total 100%

Explain the differences between the ethical standards for clients being treated by psychologists in counseling sessions and the standards for conducting psychological research with human participants.

Psychology homework helpeport Issue

Explain the differences between the ethical standards for clients being treated by psychologists in counseling sessions and the standards for conducting psychological research with human participants.

Section 8 include guidelines for psychologists when conducting research while section 10 includes guidelines for psychologists to follow during therapy sessions. Informed consent is present within each standard, however clients participating in research are consenting to participate in the research and are informed about the research being conducted while clients receiving therapy are agreeing to receive the treatment involved including the responsibility to pay as well as the therapist’s role in therapy. Participants are consenting to participate in the full extent of the research and not withdrawal, whereas counseling sessions are aimed to help the individual find healing leading to fewer counseling sessions. Although the purpose of conducting the research may include a variety of reasons, research is done to gain more knowledge while therapy is done to implement strategies that aims to improve the health and well-being of the client.

Consider your future career in the field of psychology and describe the parts of the Ethical Principles and Code of Conduct (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.you expect to relate directly to your future career.

In my future career as a Guidance Counselor, there are several sections that are directly related to this career. These include Section2: Competence, Section 3: Human Relations, Section 4: Privacy and Confidentiality, Section 6: Record Keeping and Fees, Section 7: Education and Training, and Section 9: Assessments (American Psychological Association, 2010). While most of the sections in some way relate to my future career, these are the most closely related. It is essential to provide services and conduct duties that are within the scope of my competence. This is based on a number of factors including my education, training, and experience. Human Relations principles are essential to follow as it is important to refrain from harassing others including sexual harassment, discrimination, while avoiding harm to others and maintaining professional relationships. Keeping records and information private including storing and disposing information as well as maintaining confidentiality is also critical. Ongoing education and training is significant in the role of Guidance Counselor. This includes continuously striving to gain knowledge that will assist in helping students succeed while growing personally and professionally. As a Guidance Counselor, there may be times when the use of assessments will be necessary. I must ensure that the assessments used are appropriately and directly relates to the purpose for which it is being used.

Select and provide the number for one ethical requirement that applies specifically to psychological research and briefly summarize the standard. Explain why this requirement may not apply to a therapy situation.

Section 8.04 discusses individuals participating in research. When research is being conducted, it is essential that appropriate steps are taken to ensure participants participating in the research do not encounter any adverse effects and refrain from withdrawing (American Psychological Association, 2010). If the research is required as part of a course, alternative options must be offered. Although in therapy sessions, the psychologist aims to ensure no harm or adverse effects are done to the patient, the goal of conducting the research is to gain more knowledge. Attempting to keep participants from withdrawing is to aim at completing the entire experiment and receive the most data that will contribute additional information when evaluating the results. This would be different in a therapy situation as the goal of therapy is to enhance the individual’s health and well-being, eventually leading to reduced or no longer needing therapy. Therapy may be mandated and therefore there may not be an alternative option. For example, if therapy is court ordered, there may be no alternative options.

References

American Psychological Association. (2010). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct: Including 2010 amendments (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/ethics/code/index.aspx

apply the first step of the scientific method by identifying a topic and explaining its importance in the field of psychology

Psychology homework help

For this assignment you will apply the first step of the scientific method by identifying a topic and explaining its importance in the field of psychology. Choose a topic of interest to you in psychology that is relevant to your current or future career, and search the databases in the Ashford University Library for a published peer-reviewed literature review on the topic. Evaluate the literature review and describe whether or not it provides multiple perspectives and or results on the topic, or if the author is including only those studies that prove his or her original hypothesis. Using the literature review as a reference, compare the characteristics of the different research methods that have been used to study this topic. Summarize what is known about the topic based on the evidence presented in the literature review.

The paper

Must be two to three double-spaced pages in length (not including title and reference pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..

Must include a separate title page with the following:

Title of paper

Student’s name

Course name and number

Instructor’s name

Date submitted

Must use at least one peer-reviewed source.

Must document all sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

Must include a separate reference page that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

How comfortable do you feel about your data and how it was gathered?

Psychology homework help

This lab is designed to critically examine the data you collected for the research project.

Complete each of the items below:

· Once you have collected the data for your project, complete the appropriate data analysis on it in SPSS and submit a copy of your SPSS output (along with an explanation of what you found and the answers to the questions below).

· How comfortable do you feel about your data and how it was gathered?

· What are some of the things you would do differently if you were gathering the data again?

· How have your views of these two items changed as you progressed through your project?

· How would creating a data collection sheet helped you organize your data for analysis?

· What type of analyses did you perform on your data and did the analyses help you adequately answer your research question?